Welcome to Finding the Maryland 400, an effort to discover and explore the lives and stories of Maryland’s first war heroes, led by the Maryland State Archives in partnership with the Maryland Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.
Raised in early 1776, the First Maryland Regiment joined the rest of the American troops that made up the Continental Army in New York City in August, on the eve of the Battle of Brooklyn. That battle, also called the Battle of Long Island, was the first major engagement of the war, and was an overwhelming British victory. Only the heroic stand by a small group of Marylanders–now known as the Maryland 400–held the British at bay long enough to allow the Continental Army to escape total destruction, at the cost of many Maryland lives.
Learn more about the Marylanders at the Battle of Brooklyn, beginning with the British landing on Long Island a few days before the battle, and moving forward.
There are many ways you can learn more about the First Maryland Regiment:
- View the roster of all known First Maryland Regiment soldiers present at the Battle of Brooklyn, including information about their fates, as well as the regiment’s strength.
- Follow the movements of the Marylanders from their departure in July 1776 through the American victories at Trenton and Princeton that winter.
- Learn about the other battles where the Marylanders fought around New York in 1776-1777, including Harlem Heights; White Plains; Fort Washington; Trenton; and Princeton.
- Explore topics like desertion and defection, the difficulties of feeding and supplying an army, and the hardships of the Continental Army’s 1776-1777 winter camp.
- Read biographical profiles and notes about the lives of some soldiers, in addition to the those listed in the Biographies section.
- Check out our interactive view of the Maryland troops, and our interactive map.
You may support this project through a donation to the Friends of the Maryland State Archives; indicate “Maryland 400” under Additional Comments. If you have questions or suggestions, please get in touch with us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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