In the summer of 1776, soldiers from the First Maryland Regiment marched to New York, joining with the Continental Army under the command of Gen. George Washington in order to defend the city from the British. On August 27, 1776, the Americans and the British fought the Battle of Brooklyn, sometimes called the Battle of Long Island, the first major battle of the Revolutionary War.
The battle was a rout, as the British army overwhelmed the inexperienced and poorly-trained Americans, many of whom had only a few months of military service. As the Americans retreated, a portion of the Maryland troops made a series of charges against a much larger British force. These men, now known as the “Maryland 400,” took heavy causalities, but were able to hold the British back long enough to allow the rest of the Continental Army to escape complete destruction.
Finding the Maryland 400 is an effort led by the Maryland State Archives to learn more about these Marylanders, and discover their names, their lives, and their stories. You can read the biographies of the soldiers who fought at the Battle of Brooklyn written so far or check out the blog to read more about the life and times of the Maryland soldiers.
The project is supported by a generous donation from the Maryland Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Additional support has come from the Maryland Military Department, Office of the Adjutant General, the Maryland Military Historical Society, Washington College, the Moss Family Foundation, the First Maryland Regiment, Inc., and Belair Mansion.
To contact the project, please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.